Causes, symptoms and remedies for vaginal dryness
Vaginal dryness usually results from low estrogen levels. Estrogen is the hormone that keeps the lining of the vagina lubricated, thick, and elastic.
It can lead to pain during intercourse, contributing to a loss of sexual desire. It can also cause discomfort during sports and other physical activity, and increase the risk of vaginal infections.
surgical removal of the ovaries (which can trigger menopause)
childbirth and breastfeeding
treatments for cancer, including chemotherapy and radiation
anti-estrogen drugs for treating breast cancer or endometriosis
Antidepressants, which sometimes have sexual side effects such as vaginal dryness, decreased libido, and difficulty having an orgasm.
Stress and anxiety, which can affectTrusted Source libido and vaginal lubrication.
Reduced blood supply to the vagina.
Flammer syndrome, in which blood vessels react in an unusual way to stimuli such as cold and stress.
- vaginal itching
- pain during sex
- discomfort during physical activity
- a higher risk of vaginal infections and urinary tract infections
- Below are simple tips to manage vaginal dryness:
Regular sexual activity, whether alone or with a partner, can help manage vaginal dryness.
Blood flow to the vaginal tissues increases during arousal, and this helps stimulate moisture production.
Adequate foreplay and arousal before sex can help overcome vaginal dryness and make sex more enjoyable.
Avoid certain hygiene products
Many body products and personal hygiene products contain fragrances and dyes that can irritate or dry out the vaginal tissue.
The vagina contains a delicate balance of good bacteria and is self-cleaning. There is no need for douching or using fragrant soaps around the sensitive vaginal area.
Use vaginal mmoisturizer
One of the best ways to reduce vaginal dryness is to use a vaginal moisturizer. These are special moisturizers that are designed specifically for this sensitive area of the body. Using a vaginal moisturizer every few days can help keep your vagina moist and relieve vaginal dryness symptoms.
Apply water-based lubricant
Before sexual activity, apply a water-based lubricant in your vagina and on your partner where there will be contact. Using a lubricant can help to relieve any pain or discomfort you might normally experience during sex, since you are giving this area moisture.
Engage in pelvic floor exercises
Pelvic floor exercises can help to strengthen weak vaginal muscles. With lower levels of estrogen, vaginal muscles weaken over time. Exercises like Kegels can help to relax tight muscles and strengthen weaker ones. These exercises also help to increase blood flow to the vagina.